Respiratory Parameter Estimation In Non-İnvasive Ventilation Based On Generalized Gaussian Noise Models
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Modeling of respiratory system under non-invasive ventilation by using measured respiratory signals is of great interest in respiratory mechanics research area. Statistical processing techniques in the time-domain may be utilized as an alternative to the commonly used frequency-domain analysis to estimate model parameters. In this work, we propose using a generalized Gaussian distribution (GGD) to model the measurement noise in the respiratory system identification problem. The parameters of the GGD (i.e. the mean, the variance and the shape) are estimated by maximum likelihood (ML) and moment based estimators. However, the estimation error should also be taken into account which is in fact investigated as measurement innovations together with the measurement noise. Thus the Kalman iterations are applied with the help of the score function to compute the measurement innovations. Finally, the complete picture of the measurement noise and innovation analysis of the respiratory models is obtained which helped us to evaluate the non-Gaussian noise extension in the respiratory system analysis. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.