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dc.contributor.authorBray, J. D.
dc.contributor.authorSancio, R. B.
dc.contributor.authorDurgunoğlu, T.
dc.contributor.authorÖnalp, A.
dc.contributor.authorYoud, T. L.
dc.contributor.authorStewart, J. P.
dc.contributor.authorSeed, R. B.
dc.contributor.authorÇetin, O. K.
dc.contributor.authorBaturay, M. B.
dc.contributor.authorChristensen, C.
dc.contributor.authorKaradayılar, T.
dc.date.accessioned2016-04-18T08:28:15Z
dc.date.available2016-04-18T08:28:15Z
dc.date.issued2004-07
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11413/954
dc.description.abstractGround failure in Adapazari, Turkey during the 1999 Kocaeli earthquake was severe. Hundreds of structures settled, slid, tilted. and collapsed due in pail to liquefaction and ground softening. Ground failure was more severe adjacent to and under buildings. The soils that led to severe building damage were generally low plasticity silts. In this paper, the results of a comprehensive investigation of the soils of Adapazari, which included cone penetration test (CPT) profiles followed by borings with standard penetration tests (SPTs) and soil index tests, are presented. The effects Of Subsurface conditions on the Occurrence of ground failure and its resulting effect on building performance are explored through representative case histories. CPT- and SPT-based liquefaction triggering procedures adequately identified soils that liquefied if the clay-size criterion of the Chinese criteria was disregarded. The CPT was able to identify thin seams of loose liquefiable silt. and the SPT (with retrieved samples) allowed for reliable evaluation of the liquefaction Susceptibility of fine-grained soils. A well-documented database of in situ and index testing is now available for incorporating in future CPT- and SPT-based liquefaction triggering correlations.tr_TR
dc.language.isoen_UStr_TR
dc.publisherASCE-AMER SOC CIVIL ENGINEERS, 1801 ALEXANDER BELL DR, RESTON, VA 20191-4400 USAtr_TR
dc.relationJOURNAL OF GEOTECHNICAL AND GEOENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERINGtr_TR
dc.subjectcone penetration teststr_TR
dc.subjectearthquakestr_TR
dc.subjectfine-grained soilstr_TR
dc.subjectliquefactiontr_TR
dc.subjectsiltstr_TR
dc.subjectin situ teststr_TR
dc.subjectsubsurface environmenttr_TR
dc.subjectTurkeytr_TR
dc.subjectliquefaction resistancetr_TR
dc.subjectpenetration testtr_TR
dc.subjectkoni penetrasyon testleritr_TR
dc.subjectdepremlertr_TR
dc.subjectince taneli topraklartr_TR
dc.subjectsıvılaşmatr_TR
dc.subjectsilttr_TR
dc.subjectyerinde yapılan testleretr_TR
dc.subjectyeraltı ortamıtr_TR
dc.subjectTürkiyetr_TR
dc.subjectsıvılaşma direncitr_TR
dc.subjectpenetrasyon testitr_TR
dc.titleSubsurface characterization at ground failure sites in adapazari, Turkeytr_TR
dc.typeArticletr_TR


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